Sri Lanka is an Island situated at the southern tip of India in the Indian Ocean.
From North to South - 432 km
From East to West - 224 km
Total area - 65, 525 sq. km
Currently the only way of getting to Sri Lanka is by Air, There is only one international airport, namelyairportthe Colombo International Airport located 29 km north of Colombo, the capital city of Sri Lanka. Despite that, it's quite easy to reach Sri Lanka by Air. Sri Lanka is served by the National Carrier Sri Lankan Airlines , Middle Eastern Carriers,most Asian Carriers and Indian Carriers and has nonstop service from and to China, European countries including London, Frankfurt, Paris, and Rome, with convenient connections from and to Belgium, Switzerland ,Spain, Portugal, Czech Republic, Ukraine, USA and Canada.
enerally speaking, Sri Lanka is a year-round holiday destination. Located in the tropical area, this country is somewhat influenced by monsoon climate. Due to different landforms, monsoon affects the southern and western parts of Sri Lanka from May to September and May bring some rains during this period. So the best time to visit East of Sri Lanka places likes Trincomalee, Pasikudha, Arugambay etc.
For the western and south coast the best period to travel will be from December to early April.
Light-weight Cotton Clothing is recommended. It is a good idea to be conservatively dressed on the streets while Shorts &Short Skirts are NOT PERMITTED in Places of Worship. Footwear MUST BE REMOVED Before Entering TEMPLES. A Sweater is a Must in the Hill Country.
Sri Lanka is +5 ½ Greenwich Mean Time.
Current population of Sri Lanka around 21 Million people of whom the majority are Singhalese (74%). Other ethnic groups are made up of Sri Lankan Tamils (12.6%), Indian Tamils (5.5%), Moors, Malays, Burghers (Of Portuguese & Dutch decent) Although Sri Lanka is a multi religious country Buddhists constitute the majority with 69.3%. Other religious groups are Hindus 15.5%, Muslims 7.6%, and Christians 7.5%. Sri Lanka's literacy rate of 88.6% is one of the highest in Asia.
The voltage in Sri Lanka is 220 V, 50 Hz; socket suits round 3-pin plugs. Remember to bring an international converter kit with a set of adapter plugs to enable the use of your electrical appliances
The Sri Lankan Rupee is the official currency in Sri Lanka, which are in denominations of Rs10 to Rs 5,000. Major currencies like Yuan, US dollars, Euros or British Pounds can be exchanged at any Bank or Exchange Bureaux. You can change any Remaining Rupees back into Your Currency at the Airport before you leave Sri Lanka. Always it is advisable to Change Your Money at a Bank .
It's suggested to keep plenty of smaller notes (Rs50, Rs100, Rs500) all the way, which will be handy for small purchases, tipping and public restrooms.
ATMs are commonly available at many cities Visa, MasterCard, Amex are usually accepted in Banks, Hotels, Shops and Restaurants.
Card & Coin Operated Telephone are found in many cities. Booths and Cyber Cafes can be found in most towns. Cards can be obtained at the nearest shop or kiosk.
Mobile telephone rentals are also freely available, please contact the Mobile Operators (Dialog & Mobitel ) Counters at the Arrival Hall just outside Customs , near the Banks.
The Sri Lanka Post (Government Office) has Post Offices in all Cities to buy Stamps, to Post Lettershopping2s , to send Parcels by Sea & Air to your Countries. Etc.
Sri Lanka Offers Good Bargains in Gems (Precious Stones ),Ceramics, Garments, Leather Goods etc.
TSri Lanka is truly a paradise of shutter bugs. The stunning landscapes and fascinating architecture tphotographyproreasures offer infinite photographing opportunities. Just remember that there are some restrictions on photographing when visiting temples or religious sites. Please check with You Guide, Chauffeur or at the Temples .Any photographing behaviors that show disrespect are not allowed, for instance, taking pictures in front or beside any statues and murals, using flashing photography (may cause damage to old murals).
Whenever ENTERING HOLY SITES, SHRINES, or TEMPLES and even DAGOBAS , Modest Dresses with Shoulder and Legs Covered is Required and Taking Off Shoes is a MUST Talking Loudly or Disrespectfully, Eating or Drinking, or Pointing Feet at any Buddha Images Inside TEMPLES are NOT ALLOWED.
Unless you are coming from a yellow fever or cholera area there are no compulsory inoculations to travel to Sri Lanka. However, if your stay in Sri Lanka is a long one or involves Rural or Remote area, then some vaccinations are recommended: Typhoid, Tetanus, Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, Polio, Rabies. We highly recommend that you visit your personal physician or travel clinic beforehand to ensure all the necessary inoculation and medications.
DO NOT DRINK TAP WATER DIRECTLY Unless it has been BOILEDor FILTERED etc. Avoid the ICE CUBES (except at Big Hotels) on Drinks, or Unpeeled or Uncooked FRUITS or VEGETABLES. Its is Advisable to Stay Away from Food and Beverages from Street Vendors. Malaria is common across the whole country except a few major cities, so better bring proper and enough medication srilankafoodfor the whole trip.
nfluenced by Indian Cuisine, standard foods in Sri Lanka are Spicy, Pungent and Curry-Related. Chicken, Seafood, Rice and Curry made from breadfruit, banana flour and eggplant are major elements on a Sri Lanka table. Travelers can find Chinese, Continental, Indian and Japanese Cuisine served in Colombo and other major Cities in the Hotels and Resorts. Sri Lankans are Used to Eating with Hands, however Forks and Spoons are offered in Good Restaurants & Hotels.
Hotels in Sri Lanka are classified from 1 to 5 Stars. In Sri Lanka, you have a wide choice of accommodation s to suit your Budget , from 5 Star International Chain Hotels to Elegant Colonial Mansions, to Basic Beachside Guesthouses. Along with the fast development on tourism, a number of burgeoning hotels,resorts has been set up in many Cities.
Generally Hotels in many Cities are Offering many facilities and Hotels in Rural and Remote parts of the Island offer less facilities.